The figures given for the wildlife categories above are estimated.
We’ve included a vast area covering South America, Central America, the Galapagos and Antarctica under this section.
Many fascinating and unusual wildlife species hail from the Latin American region. The highest number of endemic species live in this region of the world. The animal life is precious and varied due to the extensive range of habitats.
Impressive wildlife species include the Jaguar, Sloth, Guanaco, Capybara, Giant Anteater, Piraiba Catfish, Toco Toucan, Scarlet Macaw, Tamarin, Capuchin, Tapir, Maned Wolf, Giant Otter, Eyelash Viper and Anaconda to name a few.
There is a rich array of butterflies, not to mention seven types of penguins, plus, plus, plus.
So many species of spectacular wildlife live in this vast region; it’s ambitious to summarise into a few short paragraphs!
Freshwater fish are numerous, including the infamous flesh-eating piranha. This toothy fish is related to the tigerfish, which inhabits some of the African rivers. A rare aquatic is the Inia – a primitive river dolphin.
There are some 3000 species of birds (and a few still to be discovered), which far exceeds the numbers found in Africa and India.
- The Rhea – large, flightless bird similar to an ostrich
- Over 120 species of hummingbirds
- Andean condor in the high Andes
The two most incredibly diverse wildlife hot spots have to be the Amazon and the Pantanal and should be on your hit list. The Galapagos should feature in any wildlife lovers plans.
Patagonia is a hugely exciting region in itself and is also the departure point for Antarctica far to the south from Ushuaia. Of human interest is Machu Pichu, ancient Inca ruins lying on top of two fault lines in the Andes.